Vincent was born in a village in 1819 near Kitzingen. His career was typical in the 19th. century of a singer who was a member of the proletariat ranks of singers. Those singers had to continuously move around from city to city to make a living. Vincent published in the 1880/1881 Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung the Memoiren eines Opernsänger. He referred himself only as Heinrich, but thanks to the yearbooks of the different theaters, he can be identified as Heinrich Vincent. Contracts at that time were more oriented towards the musical requirements of a piece than on the vocal qualifications of the singers. As a second tenor in Nürnberg in 1844, he sang in Freischütz. However Vincent did not sing Max but Ottokar, a baritone role. On location there was no possibility to extend one's repertory. In Königsberg in 1854, Vincent was hired to sing Ernani, but never got the chance to sing Tannhäuser even as member of the second cast. In Halle in 1865, Vincent was the first tenor there and hold on to three performances of Tannhäuser. This was the only time that Vincent appeared in a Wagner role. His career was a typical monotonous career without any breakthrough. The different theaters' yearbook show that he sang in 16 cities during his 21 years career. In his autobiography Vincent states he sang in 33 cities. Like many, Vincent was an autodidact who tried all his life to learn the real Belcanto style. From 1869, Vincent was a musical writer and a composer in Vienna.
Reference: Einhard Luther, So viel der Helden, Biographie eines stimmfaches Teil 3, Wagnertenöre der Kaiserzeit, (1871-1918)