|Franz Navál sings||Die schöne Müllerin: Der Jäger|
|Franz Navál sings||La Traviata: Un di, with F. Hempel|
|Franz Naval's real name was Franz Pogacnik. He was born on October 20th., 1865 in Laibach. Naval studied in singing in Laibach with A.Nedred, and then in Vienna with J.Gansbacher. Naval made his debut in 1888 at Frankfurt in Martha, during 1895-98 sang at the Berlin Hofoper, and in 1898 at the Viennese Hofoper. During 1900-1903, Naval sang in Paris, during 1903-04 at the Met, in 1907 at Covent Garden in "The Bartered bride". During 1903-1908, Naval was a permanent member of the Berlin Hofoper, and in 1908 with the Berlin Komische Oper. During this period, he was often the partner of Geraldine Farrar. Naval sang for 20 years in opera, but with diminishung success. For 30 years, Naval taught singing in Vienna. His best roles: Arnold, Tamino, Roméo, and Turiddu. The singer recorded for the G&T corporation (1901-1909) and ODEON (1906-08, Vienna).|
I wish to thank Vladimir Efimenko for the biographical notes, picture and recording (Traviata).