Herbert Ernst Groh


Picture of Herbert Ernst Groh

Here ar three excellent operatic recordings. The funniest of the three is the Stabat mater aria - he is the only tenor ever (I think) who sang it in Italian!! All the Italian tenors are singing it in Latin, just he, a German speaking Swiss tenor... really curious. Some notes on Groh's most interesting (though not very likeable) biography:
Born 1906 in Luzern/Switzerland, died July 29th, 1982, in Norderstedt in northern Germany. Studied in Zürich and Milano, made his debut in 1927, and sang for a few years at several small and middle-sized opera theatres in Switzerland and Germany. He was one of the first to understand the glorious possibilities that radio and film had to offer to rather small-voiced singers like him: his further career took place on the radio, on screen, on record, though with regular concert appearances; no more stage performances, though. He gained huge prominence singing everything from opera to pop songs, but primarily operetta. His career really got along as soon as the Nazis took power and quickly expelled all Jews from (not only, but also) cultural life. It is rather well-known that Groh was being considered the "Arianized Tauber", since this was what his record company, Odeon, and his agents designed him for; but in fact, he was at the same time the Arianized Joseph Schmidt, whose place at the Berlin radio he took over. Groh gladly obliged to the possibilities the political circumstances presented him with, and not only did his best to capture Tauber's immense popularity, going as far as outright imitating his exiled Jewish colleague (though their voices were in fact totally different), but even sang quite a lot of Nazi songs (cf. the rare "Loblied auf die deutsche Frau", a re-texted version "hymn to the German woman" of the original "hymn to the Polish woman" from Millöcker's Bettelstudent). At least, as justice would have it, this brillant Nazi career took a heavy toll from Groh, no doubt for psychological reasons - or why else should such an excellent lyrical tenor, maybe the only one ever capable of singing a faultless diminuendo on a high d (cf. his Postillon de Longjumeau aria), why should such a talented singer lose his voice after merely 12 or 13 years of professional singing? By 1940, Groh's voice was more or less gone (he continued singing nevertheless for almost 25 more years). Interestingly, his major post-war success was a long international operetta concert tour together with Robert Stolz as early as 1946 (and Stolz was really one of the very few virulent anti-Nazis in that strange world of theatre and music). But he remained popular until his retirement in the mid-60s.

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Cuius animam (in Italian!!!)
In RA Format

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Der Fliegende Holl&aunl;der Mit Gewitter und Sturm
In RA Format

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Le Postillon de Longjumeau Freunde vernehmet die Geschichte
In RA Format

I wish to thanks Robert Schlesinger for the recordings, picture and notes.
Herbert Ernst Groh sings Auf der Heide blüh'n die letzten Rosen
In RA Format

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Der Bettelstudent: Ich knüpfte manche zarte Bande (Loblied auf die deutsche Frau)
In RA Format

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Der Rosenkavalier: Di rigori armato
In RA Format

Herbert Ernst Groh sings Das Land des Lächelns: Immer nur Lächeln
In RA Format

I would like to thank Thomas Silverboerg for the recordings.

Groh as Baritone

Discography

Herbert Ernst Groh made over 600 recordings, including Opera, Operetta, song and Film recordings. Only his operatic output is reported. Odeon's Phomomontage are excluded.


I. Parlophon, Berlin, 1931
133268   Pagliacci: Oh Colombine
         B48259-I   O-25123a
133269   Les contes d'Hoffmann: Ha, wie in meiner seele
         B48090-I   O-25104a
133270   Mignon: Leb' wohl, Mignon
         B48259-I   O-25123b
133271   Les contes d'Hoffmann: Hörst du es tönen mit
         B48090-II  O-25104b
         With Emmy Bettendorf
133333   La Traviata: So hold, so reizend und engelsmild
         B48147-I   O-25105a
         With Gitta Alpar
133333-2 La Traviata: So hold, so reizend und engelsmild
         UNPUBLISHED
         With Gitta Alpar 
133334   La Traviata: O lass' uns fliehen aus diesen
         B48147-II  O-25105b

II. Parlophon, Berlin, 1932 
133383   Semiramis: O wär vorbei die Nacht, die ich
         B48164-II   O-25178b
133384   Die Favoritin: Engel so rein
         B48191-I   O-25110a
133385   Le postillon de Lonjumeau: Freunde, vernehmet
         UNPUBLISHED
133385-2 Le Postillon de Lonjumeau: Freunde, vernehmet
         B48244-ii  O-25499A	 O11918b
133385-3 Le Postillon de Lonjumeau: Freunde, vernehmet
         B48244-II  O-11918b	 O-25499a
133511   Cujus animam
         B48205-I   O-25081a
133501   Die Perlenfischer: Mir träumt von jener Zeit
         B48191-II  O-26890b
133593   Alessandro Stradella: Wie freundlich strahlt
         B48237-I   O-25114a
133594   Alessandro Stradella: Segne uns, Mutter
         B48237-II  O-25114b
133594-2 Alessandro Stradella: Segne uns, Mutter
         UNPUBLISHED
133596   Der Barbier von Bagdad: Sanfter Schlummer wiegt
         UNPUBLISHED
133596-0 Der Barbier von Bagdad: Sanfter Schlummer wiegt
         B48223-I   O-25106a   O-26132b
133604   Der fliegende Holländer: Mit Gewitter und Sturm
         UNPUBLISHED
133604-2 Der fliegende Holländer: Mit Gewitter und Sturm
         O-1953a
133605   Die Macht des Schicksals: In dieser feierlichen
         B48229-II  O11990b    O25107b
         With Gerhard Hüsch
				 
III. Parlophon, Berlin, 1933
133682     Der Rosenkavalier: Di rigori armato il seno
           B48244-I  O-25123a O-26132
133724     Faust: Es ist schon spät I
           O-11938a
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133725     Faust: Es ist schon spät II
           O-11938b
           With Emmy Bettendorf 
133725-2   Faust: Es ist schon spät II
           UNPUBLISHED
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133726     Der Barbier von Bagdad: O holdes Bild in
           O-11954a
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133726-2   Der Barbier von Bagdad: O holdes Bild in
           UNPUBLISHED
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133727     Der Barbier von Bagdad: So mag kein andres
           O-11954b
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133727-2   Der Barbier von Bagdad: So mag kein andres
           UNPUBLISHED
           With Emmy Bettendorf
133760     Das Glöckchen des Eremiten: O schweige still
           B48279-II O-25115a
133761     Die Lustigen Weiber von Windsor: Horch, die
           B48272-I  O-11903
133764     Martha: Ach so fromm, ach, so traut hat meine
           B48277    O-25115b	O-25499
133792     Die Meistersinger: Morgenlich leuchtend in
           B48232    O-11953b
133811-1   Pagliacci: Jetzt spielen?..Hüll dich in Tand
           O-25014b  O-26890b
133811-2   Pagliacci: Jetzt spielen?..Hüll dich in Tand
           UNPUBLISHED
133811-3   Pagliacci: Jetzt spielen?..Hüll dich in Tand
           O-26890a
133812-0   Copy 133812-1
           UNPUBLISHED
133812-1   Cavalleria Rusticana: O Lola, rosengleich
           O-11966a
133812-2   Cavalleria Rusticana: O Lola, rosengleich
           UNPUBLISHED
133812-2-0 Copy 133812-2
           UNPUBLISHED
133813-1   Cavalleria Rusticana: Schäumt de süsse Wein
           O-11966b
133813-2   Cavalleria Rusticana: Schäumt de süsse Wein
           UNPUBLISHED

IV. Parlophon, Berlin, 1934
Be10560-1  Aida: Holde Aida
           UNPUBLISHED
Be10650-2  Aida: Holde Aida
           O-25014a
Be10650-3  Aida: Holde Aida
           UNPUBLISHED
133811-3-0 Cavalleria Rusticana: O Lola, rosengleich
           UNPUBLISHED?	O-26890?
133811-4-0 Cavalleria Rusticana: O Lola, rosengleich
           UNPUBLISHED

V. Odeon, Berlin, 1935
Be11193-1 Madama Butterfly: Duett 1. Akt I O-25627a With Maria Cebotari Be11193-2 Madama Butterfly: Duett 1. Akt I UNPUBLISHED With Maria Cebotari Be11194-1 Madama Butterfly: Duett 1. Akt II O-25627B With Maria Cebotari Be11194-2 Madama Butterfly: Duett 1. Akt II UNPUBLISHED With Maria Cebotari VI. Odeon, Berlin, 1936
xxB8584-1 Die Zauberflöte: Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernd O-6990a xxB8584-2 Die Zauberflöte: Dies Bildnis ist bezaubernd UNPUBLISHED xxB8585-1 Die Entführung aus dem Serail: O wie ängstlich O-6990b xxB8585-2 Die Entführung aus dem Serail: O wie ängstlich UNPUBLISHED Be11391-1 Xerxes: Ombra mai fu O-25789b O-4644 Be11391-2 Xerxes: Ombra mai fu UNPUBLISHED VI. Odeon, Berlin, 1937
Be11715 Der Evangelimann: Selig sind die Verfolgung O-4758a O-4644 VII. Odeon, Berlin 1938
Be12198 Undine: Vater, Mutter, Schwestern, Brüder O-26254a Be12199 Der Trompeter von Säckingen: Das ist im Leben O-26254b VIII. Odeon, Berlin, 1939
Be12415 Sadko: Die Südsee birgt in tiefen Felsenhöhlen O-26335a Be12426 Der Kuhreigen: Zu Strassburg auf der Schanz UNPUBLISHED xxB8681 Der Kuhreigen: Zu Strassburg auf der Schanz O-7909a O-3612a xxB8682 Eugen Onegin: Wohin, wohin seid ihr entschwunden O-7909b IX. Odeon, Berlin, 1941
xxB8782-1 Der Kuhreigen: Lug' Dursel, lug' O-7971b O-3612b xxB8782-2 Der Kuhreigen: Lug' Dursel, lug' UNPUBLISHED xxB8783-1 Zar und Zimmermann: Lebe wohl, mein flandrisch UNPUBLISHED xxB8783-2 Zar und Zimmermann: Lebe wohl, mein flandrisch O-7971a xxB8783-3 Zar und Zimmermann: Lebe wohl, mein flandrisch UNPUBLISHED Carmen (excerpts) with Helga Pilarczyk, Ernst Krukowski, Ruth-Margret Pütz, etc... conductor: Richard Kraus, orchestra and chorus of the Städtische Oper Berlin, Viennaphon no. 4005

I wish to thanks Robert Schlesinger for the addition to the discography.

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