Nicola Filacuridi was born in Alexandria, Egypt, of Greek parents in 1920 (1922 according to other sources). After local vocal study, he made his operatic debut in Alexandria in 1945 as Turiddu in Cavalleria Rusticana. He later sang the same role at the Cairo Opera House, as well as Rodolfo in La Boheme and Cavaradossi in Tosca. In the opera chorus in Egypt was a young soprano, Violetta Wirth, with whom Nicola fell in love. They married in 1946 and remained in love for the next 62 years. Early in 1947, Filacuridi decided to further his vocal studies in Italy, with teacher and conductor Federico Del Cupolo and made his Italian debut as Alfredo in La Traviata in Savona in 1948/9 season.
The following year, he appeared at the Rome Opera as Maurizio in Adriana Lecouvreur. He then sang at all the major opera houses of Italy, Trieste, Venice, Parma, Turin, Florence, Naples, etc.
He visited Brazil in August 1950 singing at the Teatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro in an Italian Touring Company that also included tenors Mario del Monaco, Ferruccio Tagliavini and Gianni Poggi.
He made his La Scala debut in 1953, in a contemporary work "Leonore 40/45" by Rolf Liebermann, and took part in the premiere of the "Dialogues of the Carmelites" in 1957. He also sang in Paul Hindemith 's "Mathis der Maler" in 1958.
He began making guest appearances outside Italy, at the Monte Carlo Opera, at La Monnaie in Brussels, the Vienna State Opera, the Royal Opera House in London (1956), and the festivals of Aix-en-Provence and Glyndebourne (1960). He also appeared in Spain and Portugal (Teatro S. Carlos in Lisbon: 1952/1953; 1953/1954 and 1955/1956)
In 1958 he appeared at the Dallas Opera, first as Alfredo in La Traviata with Maria Callas as Violetta. In the same season he sang Lindoro in L'Italiana In Algeri with Teresa Berganza. Both operas were directed by Franco Zeffirelli.
In 1960 he partnered Joan Sutherland in her first appearance in I Puritani at Glyndebourne and they later sang together in the same opera in Genoa. In 1961 he again appeared in Dallas, as Rodolfo in La Boheme, with Ilva Ligabue as Mimi. His final performance in Dallas was in 1963 when he sang Don Jose to Regina Resnik's Carmen.
From 1952 to 1961 he was very active singing on Italian radio and television (RAI) appearing notably in productions of "Resurrezione" (Franco Alfano) in 1952 opposite Carla Gavazzi, "La Traviata" (1954) opposite Rosanna Carteri and Carlo Tagliabue, "Adriana Lecouvreur" (1955) opposite Marcella Pobbe and Fedora Barbieri, "Manon" (1955) opposite Rosanna Carteri, "Un ballo in maschera" (1956) opposite Marcella Pobbe, Lucia Danieli and Rolando Panerai, "Lucia di Lammermoor" (1959) opposite Anna Moffo and Dino Dondi, "La Traviata" (1960) opposite Renata Scotto and Mario Sereni and "Il Convitato di Pietra", an opera by Alexandre Dargomizskij (1961) in the role of Don Giovanni and opposite Laura Londi and Giuseppe Valdengo.
Filacuridi sang a wide range of roles (besides those already mentioned) in operas such as; Rigoletto, Les contes d'Hoffmann, Louise, Werther, Idomeneo, and Lohengrin. He also created roles in contemporary works such as Il Capelli di Paglia di Firenze by Nino Rota and La Guerra by Renzo Rossellini. He sang some 65 roles throughout his career.
In 1963 Filacuridi became tired of the endless touring and, determined to spend more time with his family, decided to settle in Australia, where Violetta had relatives. So, with daughter Danila and son Loris, they came to Sydney.
In 1964 Filacuridi was engaged by the Elizabethen Theatre Trust Opera with Jean Madeira to appear in a new production of Carmen. This was followed by a period in New Zealand, where he sang Pinkerton in Madame Butterfly, but these were his final operatic performances for some years.
In 1968 the Elizabethan Theatre Opera Trust Company (now Opera Australia) was giving performances of Tosca with the Italian soprano Antonietta Stella. Both Donald Smith and his understudy were ill. Filacuridi was called and asked if he could help. "Give me a couple of hours," he said, "and I'll call you back." True to his word he did and said, "It's OK, I've been through Tosca and the voice is all there. I can help you."
The following year he was called on again for Un Ballo In Maschera as two tenors were once again indisposed. He came and saved the scheduled performances. In 1976 he came to the company's rescue once more by singing two performances as Don Jose to Huguette Tourangeau's Carmen. He had always wanted to sing at the Sydney Opera House and this way finally got his wish.
One of the reasons that Filacuridi was able to help so readily was his extraordinary memory, said to be almost photographic, and musicality. "If you have learned a role properly, it stays with you forever," he would say.
Afterwards, he worked mainly in clubs, singing a selection of popular arias and Neapolitan songs, advertised as "Nicola Filacuridi - The Voice that Thrilled La Scala". He also appeared occasionally on Australian television, once partnering his daughter, then a member of the Claire Poole Singers, in a duet of Funiculi, Funicula.
Unlike many an operatic tenor, he was also an extremely good-looking man and a fine actor.
In 1954 he was chosen to dubb Italian tenor Giuseppe Campora in the film version of "Madama Butterfly" with Kaoro Yachigusa dubbing Italian soprano Orietta Moscucci. Several of his RAI performances were also filmed for the televisión.
Nicola Filacuridi died on February 12 2009 at 88 years old. Nicola Filacuridi is survived by Violetta, and Danila and Loris and their children.
Filacuridi's recorded legacy includes "Adriana Lecouvreur" for the Colosseum label, recorded in 1951 with Mafalda Favero, Elena Nicolai and Luigi Borgonovo, and conducted by Federico Del Cupolo. The Melodram label issued his live performance of "Il Furioso nell'Isola di Santo Domingo" by Donizetti.
For the VOX label Filacuridi recorded a LP with highlights of "Carmen" with Jean Madeira and Michel Roux, conducting Pierre Dervaux.
His RAI performance of "La Traviata" with Carteri (1954) was also available in video.
JUAN DZAZOPULOS, February 2008