Yorgos Hatziloukas (AKA Giorgio Lucà)

1876-1919

Picture of Yorgos Hatziloukas
Picture of Yorgos Hatziloukas
Yorgos Hatziloukas (also known as Geiorgios Hatziloukas or Giorgios Z. Chatziloukas) was one of the first internationally known Greek tenors after the famous Giovanni Apostolou. During his Italian career (1901-1908) he used the artistic name of Giorgio Lucà.

He was born in Athens in 1876 and died in 1919. He made his debut as Rodolfo in La Bohème on April 13, 1900 in the Ellinikon Melodrama (Greek Melodrama or Greek Opera, the very early Lyric Opera of Athens, organized and directed by the Greek composer Dionysios Lavrangas). After his debut in Athens he was chosen to create the role of Kostas in the world première of Dyo adelfoi (Two brothers), an opera by Dionysios Lavrangas. Later he sang La Favorita and Rigoletto in Piraeus.

Unfortunately for Hatziloukas, in 1901, the tenor Nico Moraitis (1880-1938) obtained the main tenor roles of the Greek Melodrama.

Hatziloukas went to Italy and in April 1901 made his debut at the Teatro Carignano of Turin, as Alfredo in La Traviata. Later he sang at Politeama Genovese in 1902 as the Duke in Rigoletto. He sang later in Oneglia, Milan, Naples, Genoa, Parma, Varese, Perugia, Savona and other Italian cities. However he never sang in the great Italian theaters, such as La Scala (Milan), Costanzi (Rome), San Carlo (Naples), La Fenice (Venice) or Regio (Parma).

In 1908, Hatziloukas returned to Greece and continued singing in Athens, Salonica, Cyprus and other places until 1918.

In April 19, 1909 he created in Athens the role of Aeneas in Dionysios Lavrangas' opera Dido.

He died from a very bad case of influenza (Other sources mention that he died of the so called dandy-fever epidemy), in Athens, on January 16, 1919 at only 42 years old.

Yorgos Hatziloukas sings Oneiron
This sound file has an extra sound embedded for protection against an Internet pirate
Fonotipia 39580
CHRONOLOGY

1900
Athens-  Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La Boheme
April 14

Dyo adelfoi (Two brothers) (Dionysios Lavrangas) (world premiere): Kostas  Vakarellis (bar.),  Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bass)
April 24

Piraeus- Municipal Theater 
La Favorita: Athena Rousaki (ms), Kostas Vakarellis (bar.)
December 3
Rigoletto: Maria Taddolini (s), Kostas Vakarellis (bar.)
December 7

1901
Torino- Teatro Carignano
La Traviata
April

1902
Genova- Politeama Genovese
Rigoletto
November

Oneglia- Teatro Umberto Iº
Faust
December 29

1903
Oneglia- Teatro Umberto Iº
Cavalleria Rusticana
January

Varese- Teatro Sociale
L'elisir d'amore
September
I Puritani
September

Cittadella- Teatro Sociale
Rigoletto
October

Milano- Società Luce ed Ombra
I Travolti (unknown composer): Elisa Leveroni (s), Antonietta Benci (s), Alessandro Niccolini (bass)
November

1904
Perugia- Teatro Morlacchi
I Puritani
July 27 (or, 28)

Savona
August

1905
Athens- Municipal Theater
Concert (arias included Che gelida manina, O soave fanciulla)
September 25

1906
Smyrna- Cocoli Theater
Titles unknown
June

Falero- New Greece Theater
Rigoletto
August

Athens- Olympia Theater
La Traviata
La Boheme
Il barbiere di Siviglia
October

Constantinople- International Theater
La Traviata
October

1908
Athens- Odeon (Conservatory of Athens)
Concert (arias from Mefistofele, Fedora, I Puriani, Tosca, Pescatori di Perle) (with Miss Lymberopoulou, Mrs. Georgantopoulou and Mr. Ioannis Tzoumanis)
September 25

Athens- Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La Boheme: Anderson (s)
December 30

1909
Athens- Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La Boheme: 
April 3

Athens- Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Dido (Dionysios Lavrangas) (world première)
April 19

1913
Athens- Municipal Theatre (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La Boheme: (with Eleni Vlachopoulos (s), Yannis Angelopoulos (br), Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs), Herc. Oikonomides (br)
October 29

Athens- Municipal Theatre (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Faust: (with Paschalides (bs)
October 31


1914
Cyprus (Larnaca and Nicosia)
Recitals (with Yannis Konstantinides, piano)
May

1916
Athens - unknown venue
Concert (with Miss Giannarou (s) and Timotheos Xanthopoulos (piano)
March 3

Athens- Olympia Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Il barbiere di Siviglia: Yannis Angelopoulos (bt), Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
June 11

1918

Salonica- Ellinikon Melodrama
Il barbiere di Siviglia: Lela Perpinia (s), Yannis Angelopoulos (bt), Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
May 3

Faust
May 22

Rigoletto
May 23

La Favorita: Dolores Frau (ms)
May 24

Il barbiere di Siviglia: Lela Perpinia (s), Yannis Angelopoulos (bt), Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
June 10

NOTE:

For many years it was thought that Giorgio Lucà had sung at the Metropolitan Opera in New York during the 1907/1908 season, under 
the name of George Lucas(1868-?) Lucas ang at the Paris Opera, with his wife Julia Lucas, during 1899-1900.  Most 
of their careers took place in France.  Suddenly Lucas was singing minor roles in New York (MET) and Philadelphia.  After that, both of them 
seemed to  have disappeared.. It has been demonstrated that the singer who sang at the Metropolitan was a French tenor, according to the New York 
Times of 19 November 1907: "George Lucas who will make his début in the small rôle of the Abbe de Chazeuil, is a French tenor who made his début
 at Geneva in 1898, and he has sung at Paris, Bordeaux, Nice, Lyons, Marseilles, Antwerp, and New Orleans."
Therefore, the Greek tenor Giorgio Lucà never sang in the United States.
DISCOGRAPHY

FONOTIPIA RECORDS

1906 (March)  (with piano acc.)

 Cat. Nº.     Title                                                                              Matrix Nº.
 
39580         Oneiron (Dream) (K.M. Papageorgiou)                                                XPH-1730
39581         Pes mou ti eho stin kardia (Tell me what I have  in my heart) (Dimitrios Rodios)   XPH-1732
Unpublished   Peambos                                                                            XPH-1733
39582         O Gero Demos (Old man Demos) (Pavlos Carrer)                                       XPH-1734 
              (Included in the opera Markos Botsaris)                   
39583         Tsompanopoulo Thlimmeno (Sad shepherd's kid)                                       XPH-1735
              (Nikolaos Kokkinos-Evanghelos Pandopoulos)
39584         H Petalouda  (Butterfly) (Dimitrios Rodios-Ioannis Polemis)                        XPH-1736
39585         Epistepsa  (I believed) (Napoleon Labelet-Ioannis Polemis)                         XPH-1737
39586         Matia pou den Vlepoun  (Eyes that do not see)                                      XPH-1738
39587         To Matemena tis Oiaia                                                              XPH-1739
39596         Ela Pame (Come on, let's go)                                                       XPH-1731

1907 (October/November)  (with orchestra acc.)  (with piano??)

62144         Sta Xena- Monodia (Llonardou)                                                      XPH-2875
62145         Giati (Why) (Anamnisis tis Smyrnis) (Timotheos Xanthopoulos)                       XPH-2560
62146         Werther: Io no son se son desto…O natura       
62292         Greek Song
62293         Greek Song
62296         Mefistofele: Dai campi, dai prati
62297         L'elisir d'amore: Una furtiva lagrima
The author gratefully acknowledges Dr. Nicholas A. Peppas, Greek researcher, who kindly revised the draft of this work and made corrections and generously provided very important information concerning this now forgotten Greek tenor. My gratitude also to Dr. Stathis Arfanis who added several titles, corrected the Greek words in the Discography and provided the names of the authors of music and words for the Greek records.
JUAN DZAZÓPULOS
November, 2011

Photograph (Left): Courtesy of Dr. Stathis Arfanis (Athens, Greece)
Photograph (right):Roberto Marcocci's website
Source for the picture the extraodinary site of Roberto Marcocci

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