Costa Milona (Kostas Mylonas)

(1897-1949)
Konstantinos (Kostas) Mylonas was born in Keratea (an area just east of Athens, Greece) on the 3rd of February 1897.
His father Stamatis and his mother Eugenia were illiterate and very poor farmers. His father died while Kostas was still a child and so Kostas was sent to work for a French mining company in Plaka, outside nearby Lavrion. A man named Kiriakidi heard him singing and sent him to the Athens Conservatory, paying also for his board and lodging. He remained in the Conservatory from 1908 to 1918, studying Byzantine Church Music, singing and drama.
Mylonas made his first stage appearance not as a singer but as an actor in two plays produced by the Drama School of the Conservatory, in March 1917, "Medea" and "Gynecomachia" by playwright Legouvé. One month after, in April 1917, he started appearing in student concerts, in some of them accompanied by Dimitri Mitropoulos at the piano.
He graduated in June 1920 with "excellent" grades both in "singing" and "history of music". Before the year was over he left Greece forever. He never came back to his home country.
He went to Italy, most probably directly to Milan. It was there that he studied with maestro Giuseppe Borghi. It was in Milan too that his problems started as he had a love affair with Eugenia Montrasio, the wife of a hard-drinking and cruel Italian. Kostas and Eugenia had three children: Mariuzza, Constantino and Eugenia.
About 1922/3 Mylonas established himself in Berlin, where he made all his records for German companies such as Parlophon, Homocord, Vox, Kristal and Reklame, from 1922 to 1945.
Very little is known of his artistic career. In February 1923 he appeared at the Grand-Théâtre in Monte Carlo, singing in "Tristan und Isolde" the role of a sailor (as "Costa") and the role of the shepherd (as "Milonas"). After that there is a nine years gap without any information on his artistic activities.
There is an appearance at the Vienna Staatsoper in Bohème on 22nd of March 1932.
There is another two-year gap and then we have in 1934 a concert for K.R.O. radio station in Holland with the Amsterdam Symphony Orchestra conducted by Henri van Goudoever.
It seems that he also worked in Berlin as teacher of singing from 1935 to 1937.
On June 24 and 26 of 1938 there are two "guest" performances at the Deutsches Oper in Berlin, as Rodolfo in "La Bohème", and on June 29 another guest appearance as Canio in "Pagliacci".
There are unconfirmed performances in Frankfurt am Oder during the period 1937/1942.
On 20 july 1944 there was a recital in Strasbourg and from 1944/5 recording sessions of spoken records for The Grammophone Co. that remained unpublished. His last artistic activities seem to have been some concerts in Berlin, in 1946.
In June 1946 he notified the Berlin police that he was going to leave the country. He was penniless and received some money from a certain Mrs. Young, a fairly rich, elderly lady who had lived in Berlin and had been Mylona's close friend and confident for 13 years but now was living in London.
On June 8,1946 the Greek tenor started for London where he met Mrs. Young. All his possessions were packed in a single old and torn suitcase. In spite of Mrs Young's generosity his condition did not improve. In April 1948 he wrote to an old Greek friend Giorgios Lambrou who lived in Tucson (Arizona): "I have been brought to ruin by the war". But his own nature was also to blame for his ruin. Mrs. Young later told his daughter Eugenia: "if he made 500 marks, he would send 200 to his children and 200 to his mother". Mr. Lambrou sent him 500 dollars, which were found in an English bank account to his name, after Milona's death.
He was so poor that Mrs. Young ordered a suit and a coat for him, but he did not live long enough to wear them. On the 27 of March of 1949, Costa Milona died of heart disease and was buried at the Hendon Park Cemetery-Crematorium, London, grave N° 62.259. The 500 dollars covered only part of the funeral expenses. Mrs. Young paid the rest. His grave bears the following inscription in English:

Costa Mylonas/In memory of my dearest friend/The Greek tenor
and below, in German:
Was ich in der verloren/weiss nur mein Herz allein (What I have lost in him/My heart alone knows)
REFERENCE: George Leotsakos: "Greek Lyric Theatre 100 Years 1888-1988", Greek Ministry of Culture-Athens-1988 (Unpublished in English)
REFERENCE: Stathis Arfanis Private Archive
JUAN DZAZOPULOS E.
Picture of Costa Milona

Costa Milona singsIl Trovatore: Di quella pira
In RA Format

Costa Milona singsLes pêcheurs de perles: Je crois entendre encore, in Italian
In RA Format

Costa Milona singsDie Königin von Saba: Magische Note
In RA Format

Costa Milona singsMadama Butterfly: Addio fiorito asil
In RA Format

Discography

I.	Parlophon, Berlin, 1922

5815	La Bohème: Che gelida manina                     UNPUBLISHED
5816	La Bohème: Ebbene no, non lo son                 UNPUBISHED
5817	La Fanciulla del West: Ch'ella mi creda          UNPUBLISHED
5818	L'Elisir d'Amore: Una furtiva lagrima            P.1631-I
5819	Tosca: Recondita armonia                         P.1630-I	E.10135
5820	Tosca: Tu, di tua man l'uccidesti                P.1630-II	E.10135
5821	Tosca: E lucevan le stelle                       P.1482-I	E.10081
5822	La Favorita: Spirto gentil                       P.1631-II	
5839	La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                         P.1482-II	E.10081
5840	Faust: Salve dimora                              UNPUBLISHED
5903	Rigoletto: Questa o quella                       P.1380-I	
5904	Rigoletto: La donna é mobile                     P.1380-II
5905	Rigoletto: Parmi veder le lagrime                UNPUBLISHED
5906	Cavalleria rusticana: O Lola bianca come fior di P.1629-II	E.10193	5906(Reclame)
5907	Pagliacci: Recitar…Vesti la giubba               P.1530-I
5940	L'Africana: Mi batte il cor…O paradiso           P.1394-I
5941	Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora     P.1394-II	5941(Reclame)
5942	La Traviata: De' miei bollenti spiriti           P.1530-II
5943	La Bohème: Che gelida manina                     UNPUBLISHED
5944	La Bohème: Ebben no, non lo son                  P.1629-II	E.10193

II. Homocord, Berlin, 1924 

51610   Ideale (Tosti)                                   UNPUBLISHED
51610-1 Ideale (Tosti)                                   3-8531
51611   Jocelyn: Nascoti in quest'asil (Godard)          UNPUBLISHED
51612   Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora     UNPUBLISHED
51612-1 Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora     UNPUBLISHED
51612-2 Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora     3-8532
51613   La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                         UNPUBLISHED
51613-1 La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                         UNPUBLISHED
51613-2 La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                         3-8533
51516   Die Königin von Saba: Magische Note         		 3-51614
51516-1 Die Königin von Saba: Magische Note              3-8534
51616   Un ballo in maschera: Di' tu se fedele           3-8534
51617   La Traviata: De'miei bollenti spiriti            UNPUBLISHED
51617-1 La Traviata: De'miei bollenti spiriti            UNPUBLISHED
51617-2 La Traviata: De'miei bollenti spiriti            3-8533
51618   L'Africana: Mi batte il cor…O paradiso           3-8532
51619   Don Sebastiano: Deserto in terra                 UNPUBLISHED
51619-1 Don Sebastiano: Deserto in terra                 3-8535
51620   Pecche'…? (Pennino-De Flaviis)                   3-8531
51620-1 Pecche'…? (Pennino- De Flaviis)                  UNPUBLISHED

III. Homocord, Berlin, 1925

51871   Pagliacci: O, Colombina                 UNPUBLISHED
51871-1 Pagliacci: O, Colombina                 3-8667
51872   I Puritani: A te o cara                 B.8676	3-8676
51873   Rigoletto: Ella mi fu rapita            3-8668
51874   Il Trovatore: Ah sì, ben mio            3-8667
51875   La Bohème: Che gelida manina            UNPUBLISHED
51875-1 La Bohème: Che gelida manina            3-8668
51899   Cavalleria rusticana: Mamma, quel vino  B.8674	3-8674
51900   Ave Maria (Percy Kahn)                  UNPUBLISHED
51900-1 Ave Maria (Percy Kahn)                  B.8675  3-8675
51901   Martha: M'appari                        B.8675	3-8675
51902   Faust: Salve dimora                     B.8676	3-8676
51903   Manon: Flieh, oh flieh holdes Bild      UNPUBLISHED
51903-1 Manon: Io son sol…Ah dispar vision      B.8674	3-8674

IV. Vox, Berlin, 1926

2743-A  Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora  UNPUBLISHED
2743½-A Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora  03570
2744-A  Martha: M'appari                              03569	H.010247(Reclame)
2745-A  La forza del destino: Solemne in quest'ora    04177	H.010248(Reclame)
        With Jean Athanasiu
2746-A  La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                      03570

V. Vox, Berlin, 1926

2755-A	Mefistofele: Giunto sul passo estremo              03571
2756-A	Les Huguenots: O qual soave vision…Bianca al par   03572	H.010218(Reclame)
2757-A	Otello: Sé pel ciel marmoreo giuro                 04177	H.010231(Reclame)
2758-A	Andrea Chenier: Come un bel di di maggio           03571
2759-A	Aida: Celeste Aida                                 03572	H.010247(Reclame)
2760-A	Faust: Salve dimora casta e pura                   03569	H.010231(Reclame)
3262-B	Fedora: Amor ti vieta                              3573
3263-B	Il Trovatore: Di quella pira                       3573

VI. Vox, Berlin, 1927

1728-AA   Addio mia bella Napoli (Teodoro Cottrau)         UNPUBLISHED
1728-1AA  Addio mia bella Napoli  (Teodoro Cottrau)        03657
1729-AA   Santa Lucia  (Traditional)                       03657
1730-AA   Elégie (Massenet)                                UNPUBLISHED
1730-1AA  Elégie  (Massenet)                               03666661
1731-AA   Un ballo in maschera: Di'tu se fedele            03663
          06035(Kristall) 
1732-AA   I Puritani: A te o cara                          03669
1733-AAX  La Traviata: Lunge da lei…De' miei bollenti      03669
          06035(Kristall)	06003
1734-AA   Lolita (Buzzi-Peccia)                            03661
1735-AA   Il Trovatore: Ah sì, ben mio coll'essere         03663  
          06003(Kristall)
2143-BB   Mefistofele:  Dai campi, dai prati               3659	H.10285(Reclame)
          6039(Kristall)
2143-1BB  Mefistofele:  Dai campi, dai prati               H.10285(Reclame)       
          5065(Kristall)
2144-BB   Pagliacci: Recitar…Vesti la giubba               3659	H.10285(Reclame) 
          6039(Kristall)
2144-1BB  Pagliacci: Recitar…Vesti la giubba               H.10285(Reclame)   
          5065(Kristall)

VII. Parlophon, Berlin, 1928

20812-1 Un ballo in maschera: Di' tu se fedele        UNPUBLISHED
20812-2 Un ballo in maschera: Di' tu se fedele        P.9316-I	P.67567	E.10802	O.6991(Odeon)
20813   Werther: Ah non mi ridestar                   P.9316-II     E.10802	58506(Odeon)
20814   L'Africana: Mi batte il cor…O paradiso        P.51017-I	E.10888	AA.68098(Odeon)
20815   Mefistofele: Dai campi, dai prati             P.9315-II
20816-1 La forza del destino: O tu che in seno        UNPUBLISHED
20816-2 La forza del destino: O tu che in seno        P.9315-I
20817-1 Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora  UNPUBLISHED
20817-2 Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora  P.51017-II	E.10853	DPX.7	AA.68098(Odeon)
20818   Serenata (Toselli)                            36499 (Beka)
20819   Ideale (Tosti)                                E.10888		36670(Beka)
21068-1 Carmen: Il fior che avevi a me tu dato        UNPUBLISHED
21068-2 Carmen: Il fior che avevi a me tu dato        UNPUBLISHED
21069   Cavallleria rusticana: O Lola, ch'ai di latti P.67567		E.10853	DPX.7	O.6991(Odeon)
34948-1 Mattinata (Leoncavallo)                       UNPUBLISHED
34948-2 Mattinata (Leoncavallo)                       B.17534II	A.164366(Odeon)	A.16457(Odeon)
34949   Jocelyn: Nascosti in quest' asil              A.164366(Odeon)
36498-1 Lolita (Buzzi-Peccia)                         B.17537-I
36498-2 Lolita (Buzzi-Peccia)                         UNPUBLISHED
36499   Serenata (Toselli)                            B.12026-I
36600   Santa Lucia (Traditional)                     B.17535-I
36601   Vieni sul mar (Cottrau)                       B.17535II
36662   Addio mia bella Napoli (Cottrau)              UNPUBLISHED
36664   Elégie (Massenet)                             B.17537II	A.164365(Odeon)
36665   Caro mio ben (Giordani)                       B.17536-I	P.28054
36666   Pecché…?(Pennino-De Flaviis)                  B.17536-II	P.28054	A.16436
36670   Ideale  (Tosti)                               B.12026-II	
36671   Marìa, marì (Di Capua)                        B.17534A.164572(Odeon)

VIII. Parlophon, Berlin, 1929

43316    Tosca: Recondita armonia                                B.17025-I
43317-1  Tutto ritorna (Pessina-Prati)                           B.17024-II	B.7669-II
43317-2  Tutto ritorna (Pessina-Prati)                           UNPUBLISHED
43318    L'ultimo bacio (Tosti)                                  B.17025-I	B.7669-I
43319    Core 'ngrato (Cardillo)                                 B.17024-I
101000   To alanaki (Thanos Zahos)                               B.21517-I
101001   Karáva aniyi ta ftera (Dyonisios Lavrangaas)            B.21518
101002   Despo (arr. Nicolaos Skalkottas)                        B.21519
101003   Manna ke yios (Samaras)                                 B.21518
101004   To mátia tu dimou (arr.Nicolaos Laudas)                 B.21520-I
101005   Kardiá pou apo agápi orphani (Nicolaos Chadziapotrolou) B.21521-I
101006   Ramona (Mabel Wayne)                                    B.21517-II
101007   Kardiá pistí (¿?)                                       B.21522-I
101008   MARKOS BOTSARIS (Carrer): O yero dimos                  B.21519
101009   Pos pantrevoun tin agápi mou                            B.21521-II
         (arr.Nicolaos Lavd)
101010   Yiati (Timotheos Xanthopoulos)                          B.21522-II
101011   Diamantoula mou (arr.N. Skalkottas)                     B.21520-II
101012-1 Den tacho ta philia sou (S.A.Papadimitriou)             UNPUBLISHED
101012-2 Den tacho ta philia sou (S.A.Papadimitriou)             UNPUBLISHED
101013   Glyko mou agápi (Themis Naltsas)                        B.21524II
101014   Min papsis tsiganopoulo (Panagis Tountas)               UNPUBLISHED
101015-1 I proti  agápi (N. Chadziapostrolou)                    B.21526-II
101015-2 I proti  agápi (N. Chadziapostrolou)                    UNPUBLISHED
101016   Tango to chorismu (Themis Naltsas)                      UNPUBLISHED
101017   I gyneka pou skotoni (Themis Naltsas)                   UNPUBLISHED
101018   Na nourisma (lullaby) (Samaras)                         B.21524-I
101019   Bohemikí agápi N. Chadziapostrolou)                     B.21526-I

IX. Parlophon, Berlin, 1930

84080    La Bohème: Ebbene no, non lo so        UNPUBLISHED
84081    La Traviata: De' miei bollenti spiriti UNPUBLISHED
119049   La gioconda: Cielo e mar               B.7793-I
119050-I Madama Butterfly: Addio fiorito asil   B.7794-I	29527
119050-2 Madama Butterfly: Addio fiorito asil   UNPUBLISHED
119051   Tosca: Tu di tua man l'uccidesti       B.7794-II	29527
119052   La Favorita: Spirto gentil             B.7793-II
119053   Maria, marí (Di Capua)                 UNPUBLISHED
119054   Pecché…?/ Nun mi scetá                 B.12339-I
119055   Addio mia bella Napoli	(Cotrrau)       O.25851B(Odeon)
119056   Santa Lucia (Traditional)              O.25851B(Odeon)

X. Parlophon, Berlin, 1931

101700  Alma dolorosa (Psichi ponemeni) (M.Souyioul)           UNPUBLISHED
101701  Sterni kantada (N. Statheros & M.Matsas)               B.21596
101702  Du bist mein Mascottchen gewesen (R. Stolz)            UNPUBLISHED
        (Film: Ein Tango für dich)
101703  Cara bambina (Dos'mu ta cheili sou) (Rerosi-Jonnidou)  UNPUBLISHED
101704  Nina mia (Nina mou) (Alfonso Arkani & Paul Menestrel)  UNPUBLISHED
101705  Paola (¿?)                                             B.21597
101706  To tango tis theatrinas (Christos Cheropoulos)         B.21595		B.21597
101707  Oh latrefti mou Nik.Brodsky/M.Bolos)                   B.21596
101708  To paramythitis (Das Marchen von Glück)(Stolz)         UNPUBLISHED
        (Film: Ein Tango für dich)
101709  Einai mia melodia ta cheili sou (Film: Einbrecher)     UNPUBLISHED
        (Kind, dein Mund ist Musik) (Fried Hollander & Paul Menestrel)

 
XI. Reichs-Rundfunk, Berlin, 1932

201.1707 Manon: Io son sol…Ah dispar vision   RRG Bln.201.1707
201.1708 La gioconda: Cielo e mar             RRG Bln.201.1708

XII. Glasplatten, Hilversum, 1936

Aida: Se quel guerrier io fossi…Celeste Aida    UNPUBLISHED
Tosca: Recondita armonia                        UNPUBLISHED
Cavalleria rusticana: O Lola, ch'ai di latti    UNPUBLISHED
Carmen: Il fior che avevi a me tu dato          UNPUBLISHED
**with Utrecht State Orch. H. Van Goudover,cond.
Luisa Miller: Quando le sere al placido         UNPUBLISHED
Les pêcheurs de perles: Mi par d'udir ancora    UNPUBLISHED
Manon: Io son sol…Ah dispar vision              UNPUBLISHED
Rigoletto: La donna é mobile                    UNPUBLISHED 
**with Fred Boshart, piano

XIII. Reichs-Rundfunk, Berlin, 1940

59036 Ton Nymphona su wlepo                    RRG KWS.59036
      Ta pathi ta septa
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos	
      Idu o nymphios erchete                   RRG KWS.59037
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos
59038 Ton nymphona su wlepo                    RRG KWS.59038
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos
59039 Erchomenos o kyrios                      RRG KWS.59039
      Nymon patroon makaristi
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos
59040 Simeron kremate epi ksilu	I              RRG KWS.59040
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos
59041 Simeron kremate epi ksilu II             RRG KWS.59041
      With Dimitrios Livas und Herrn Kallinikos
      ** All above are Byzantine Psalms

XIII. Grammophon, Berlin, 1944

57-GZ10	Das Gesicht Judas                    UNPUBLISHED
58-GZ10	Bolschewistische Volksverdummung     UNPUBLISHED
59-GZ10	Die Judenherrschaft in der UdSSR     UNPUBLISHED
60-GZ10	Touristen in der UdSSR               UNPUBLISHED
61-GZ10	Heirat und Scheidung in der UdSSR I  UNPUBLISHED
61-GZ10	Heirat und Scheidung in der UdSSR II UNPUBLISHED
63-GZ10	Kindererziehung in der UdSSR         UNPUBLISHED
64-GZ10	Die Komintern im Iran                UNPUBLISHED
65-GZ10	Sport in der UdSSR I                 UNPUBLISHED
66-GZ10	Sport in der UdSSR II                UNPUBLISHED
67-CZ10	Religion in der UdSSR                UNPUBLISHED
All above are spoken records in Greek

XIII. Grammophon, Berlin, 1945

10395-GD9	Lernen Sie deutsch sprechen     UNPUBLISHED
10396-GD9	Eine Parade der Prominenten     UNPUBLISHED
10397-GD9	Wohnungskultur in Deutschland   UNPUBLISHED
10398-GD9	Fussballerinnerungen            UNPUBLISHED
10399-GD9	Bücherfreundschaft              UNPUBLISHED
10400-GD9	Man darf nich prahlen           UNPUBLISHED
10401-GD9	Die Arbeit macht das Leben süss UNPUBLISHED
**All above are German spoken propaganda records ,in Greek, for radio broadcast


COSA MILONA ON  LP  : 

"La plus beaux chants d'Italie" (Milona sings Santa Lucia and Maria, Mari)-French ODEON XOC 136

"Costa Milona  (The pocket Caruso)" ((13 arias, 1 duet and 2 songs)-SUNDAY OPERA RECORDS  SY02 (1979)
I wish to thank Richard J. Venezia for the recording (Trovatore).
I wish to thank Alkis Magdalinos for the recording (pêcheurs de perles).
I wish to thank Juan Dzazopulos for the updated discography.


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