Giulio Crimi

Picture of Giulio Crimi

Giulio Crimi sings Zaza: Mai più, Zazà
In RA Format

Giulio Crimi: Born May 10th, 1885, in Paternò (Sicily), he studied voice with Maestro Adernò, the most important voice teacher in the provincial capital of Catania at that time. He made his debut at the Teatro Bellini, again in Catania, on November 30th, 1911, in Cavalleria rusticana, in a charity performance for the Italian Red Cross in order to support helping the victims of the war in Libya. The next year, he sang La Wally in Treviso and Fanciulla del West and Manon Lescaut both in Verona and Palermo, then Isabeau, Carmen and L'amore dei tre re (by Montemezzi) in Milano (the source doesn't state at which theater). The latter opera was a particular success for Crimi, which he repeated in 1914 at the Covent Garden Opera and in Paris. 1916 won him important triumph: first, he was in Madrid for several operas, among which Cavalleria rusticana and Mefistofele, Paolo e Francesca (by Luigi Mancinelli) and Francesca da Rimini (by Riccardo Zandonai); then, La Scala called him to sing La Battaglia di Legnano with Rosa Raisa. With Raisa, he set sail for America: Aida, Chénier and Pagliacci at the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires were followed by Traviata with Amelita Galli-Curci in Chicago, where he also sang in Les Huguenots and Lucia di Lammermoor; in 1918, he arrived at the Met for a whole season, singing in Tosca, Aida, Bohème, Carmen, Gianni Schicchi and Il tabarro (the two latter New York premieres, with Claudia Muzio and Luigi Montesanto). For the following years, the chronicle is less complete; anyway, he sang again in Buenos Aires, in Catania, in Rome. He added to his versatile repertory Il trovatore, Zazà, La forza del destino, Madama Butterfly, Loreley, L'africaine. He was a prototypical singer of the verismo age, and had a reputation as a thrilling performer. He concluded his career as early as December 31st, 1927, with Francesca da Rimini at the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genova (conducted by the composer, and with Carmelo Maugeri in the cast, who had also sung in Crimi's debut performance in 1911) - he is said to have had health issues due to high blood pressure, but obviously, he had also vocal problems (not a big surprise, given his not very subtle technique!). He lived in Rome thereafter, teaching; his most famous pupil was Tito Gobbi. Crimi died on October 28th, 1939.
reference: Giuliano Consoli in a Tima Club "Le voci dell'Etna" LP booklet

Repertory


Cavalleria Rusticana-Catania, Bellini, November 30, 1911
La Wally-Treviso, Sociale, November ?,1912
La Fanciulla del West-Verona, Filodrammatico, January 4, 1913
Manon Lescaut-Palermo, Massimo-March 12, 1913
Isabeau-Milano, Del Verme, September 20, 1913
L'Amore der Tre Re-Bologna, Comunale, November 22, 1913
La Gioconda-Torino, Regio, January 1, 1914
Francesca da Rimini-Torino, Regio, February 19, 1914
Finlandia (Composer: Fracassi)-Torino, Regio, February 19, 1914
Carmen-Milano, Del Verme, October 14, 1914
Tosca-Madrid, Reale, January 12, 1915
Paolo e Francesca (Composer Mancinelli)-Madrid, Real, February 2, 1915
Cavalleria Rusticana-Madrid, Real, February 17, 1915
Mefistofele-Madrid, Real, March 10, 1915
Andrea Chenier-Firenze, Politeama Fiorentino, April 1915
La Battaglia di Legnano-Milano, Scala, January 19, 1916
Aida-Milano, Scala, January 1919
Pagliacci-Buenos Aires, Colon, July 3, 1916
Huemac (Composer: De Rogatis)-Buenos Aires, Colon, July 22, 1916
Lucia di Lammermoor-Rio de Janeiro, Municipal, September 8, 1916
Gli Ugonotti-Rio de Janeiro, September 15, 1916
La Traviata-Chicago, Auditorium, December 1, 1916
La Bohème-Chicago, Auditorium, December 22, 1916
I Gioielli della Madonna-Chicago, Auditorium, December 9, 1917
Ernani-Chicago, Auditorium, December 29, 1917
Il Tabarro-New York, Metropolitan Opera, December 17, 1918
Gianni Schicchi-New York, Metropolitan Opera, December 14, 1918
Il Trovatore-New York, Metropolitan Opera, March 4, 1918
Zaza-New York, Metropolitan Opera, January 16, 1920
La Forza del Destino-New York, Metropolitan Opera, February 5, 1921
Don Carlo-New York, Metropolitan Opera, March 12, 1921
Madama Butterfly-Mexico City, Esperanza Iris, October 29, 1921
La Navarraise-New York, Metropolitan Opera, November 30, 1921
L'Africana-Chicago, Auditorium, November 23, 1923
Loreley-Buenos Aires, Colon, July 9, 1924
O Contrador de Diamantes (Composer: Mignone)-Rio de Janeiro, September 20, 1924
I wish to thank Tom Kaufmann for his unpublished Crimi's chronology.
I wish to thank Robert Schlesinger for his biographical notes, addition to the repertory and recording.


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