Aureliano Pertile

Picture of Aureliano Pertile as Nero

Aureliano Pertile as Nero in Mascagni Opera, signed the date of the premiere,

Picture of Aureliano Pertile

I wish to thank Thomas Silverbörg for the picture.

Picture of Aureliano Pertile

Aureliano Pertile sings Carmen: Je suis Escamillo, torero de Grenade .. HolÓ! holÓ! JosÚ! .. Tu me dis de la suivre... , with Franci, Buades, Alfani, Baracchi and Nessi
In RA Format

Aureliano Pertile sings Otello: Si pel ciel , with Franci
In RA Format

Aureliano Pertile sings I Puritani: A te o cara
In RA Format

Repertory

Marta- Vicenza, February 16, 1911
Quo Vadis?- Milano, May 3, 1911
Rigoletto- Torino, October 1911
La Gioconda- Torino, November 1911
Norma- Torino, November 15, 1911
Pagliacci- Milano, January 21, 1912
Andrea Chenier- Milano, December 12, 1912
Isabeau- Asti, 1912
Cavalleria Rusticana- Vicenza, 1912
Conchita- Brescia, January 28, 1913
Carmen- Padova, March 1913
Manon Lescaut- Santiago, September 9, 1913
Un Ballo in Maschera- Santiago, September 10, 1913
Tzigana- Santiago, October 16, 1913
Mefistofele- Valparaiso, October 18, 1913
Tosca- Buenos Aires, October 25, 1913
La Traviata- Buenos Aires, November 1, 1913
Madama Butterfly- Napoli, January 14, 1914
Salome- Palermo, April 7, 1914
Lucia di Lammermoor- Firenze, Mai 1914
La Giavanese- Genova, November 24, 1914
Francesca da Rimini- Torino, January 21, 1915
L'Amore dei Tre Re- Torino, February 11, 1915
Aida- Roma, March 25, 1915
Una Tragedia Fiorentina- Roma, April 3, 1915
Abul- Roma, April 15, 1915
La Fanciulla del West-Bologna, October 18, 1915
Boris Godunov- Roma, December 12, 1915
Luisa- Roma, February 1, 1916
La Rondine- Bologna, June 5, 1917
Loreley- Genova, February 2, 1918
La Boheme- Genova, February 16, 1918
Fra Diavolo- Torino, April 9, 1918
Tucuman- Buenos Aires, July 7, 1918
Jacquerie- Buenos Aires, August 11, 1918
Fedora- Torino, January 30, 1919
MosÚ- Buenos Aires, July 20, 1919
Lohengrin- Torino, October 23, 1919
Il Mistero- Venezia, May 7, 1921
Samson et Dalila- Mexico, October 8, 1921
I Maestri Cantori,Milano, January 25, 1923
La Leggenda di Sakuntala- Buenos Aires, August 5, 1923
Iris- Milano, December 12 1923
Nerone- Milano, May 1, 1924
Il Trovatore- Ferrara, September 3, 1925
Ollantay- Buenos Aires, July 23, 1926
Sly- Milano, December 29, 1927
La Campana Sommersa- Milano, April 4, 1929
La Forza del Destino- Milanao, December, 22, 1930
Gianni Schicchi- Torino, February 12, 1930
L'Ultimo Lord- Napoli, April 19, 1930
Adriana Lecouvreur- Roma, March 24, 1931
Werther- Milano, January 31, 1932
La Favorita- Milano, January 18, 1934
Nerone (Mascagni)- Milano, January 16, 1935
Otello- La Valetta, Late 1937
Poliuto- Torino, June 1, 1939

Biographical Notes

Pertile was born on 9 November 1885 in Montagnana On 16th of February 1911, Pertile made his debut in Flotow's Marta at the Teatro Eretenio in Vicenza . The other artists were Aida Gonzaga and De Dionigi while Bavagnoli conducted. The local newspaper La provincia di Vicenza commented on the performance as follows:

Excellent the tenor Aureliano Pertile who was singing for the first time in front of an audience of his city. Pertile impersonated very well the person of Lionello, a young man in love. Pertile has a strong voice that he used to show both sweetness and dramatic temperament.

There were seven performances. In May, Pertile was engaged at Milan's Teatro Dal Verme to sing in the Italian Premiere of Quo Vadis by Jean Nougues. The performance took place on the 3rd of May. The other artists in the cast included Zauner, Garelli and Montesanto. Pertile finishes the year at the Teatro Vittorio Emanuele of Torino singing in Quo Vadis (20th September), Rigoletto (October ??, with Muzio, Bernal), La Gioconda (November ?? with Corsi, Vannini, Bernal, Montesanto, Contini) and Norma (15th November with Alloro, Vannini, Contini).

In early 1912, Pertile returned to the Dal Verme for Pagliacci (21st January with Bosini, Zani, Baracchi) and later, Andrea Chenier (17 December with Wroblenska, Passuello). During that year, Pertile sang in Asti (Isabeau, Andrea Chenier) and Vicenza (Cavalleria Rusticana, Pagliacci, Andrea Chenier).

1913 finds Pertile in Brescia singing La Gioconda (January ???), Conchita (28 January). On the 8th of May, Pertile sang in the Manzoni Requiem at Brescia and on the 3rd of June, he repeated the Verdi work at Genoa. During March, Pertile sang as Don JosÚ in Carmen at Padua (March ??). Pertile crossed the Atlantic to Chile and Argentina. In Chile, he sang in Santiago (Manon Lescaut, Un Ballo in Maschera, Cavalleria Rusticana, Tzigana), Valparaiso (Manon Lescaut, Cavalleria Rusticana). Pertile made his debut in Buenos Aires on 25th of October in Tosca at the Coliseo. During his stay in Buenos Aires, Pertile sang in La Traviata, Carmen, and La Gioconda. He finished the year at the San Carlo in Naples singing in Conchita.

Pertile staid in Naples at the beginning of 1914 singing Madama Butterfly, and Carmen. He moved then to Palermo (Salome, Conchita), Firenze (Lucia di Lammermoor), Padua (Andrea Chenier), Genoa (La Giavanese, Carmen, Cavalleria Rusticana).

In January 1915, Pertile made his debut at Turin's Regio in Francesca da Rimini (21st of January with Linda Cannetti, Francesco Cigada, Emilio Venturini) and in February he continued his engagement with L'amore dei tre Re (11th of February with Cannetti, Cigada, Nicoletti Korman). Pertile then moved to Roma to sing at the Costanzi in Francesca da Rimini (10th March with Rosa Raisa, Giuseppe Danise, and Nardi), Aida (25th March with Raisa, Perini, Danise and Walter), Una Tragedia Fiorentina (3rd April with Wroblenska, Danise), and Abul (15th April with Raisa, Perini). Before returning to Rome in December to sing in Boris Godunov (26th with Giraldoni, Bettoni, Baldassarre, Tedeschi and Nardi), Pertile went to Bologna to sing in La Fanciulla del West, Aida, and Francesca da Rimini.

Pertile began 1916 in Rome singing in Madama Butterfly and Louise by Charpentier (1st of February with Cervi Caroli and Giraldoni). On the 22nd of February, Pertile made his debut at La Scala's singing in Francesca da Rimini with Raisa, Danise and Paltinieri. After a quick stop in Rome for Francesca da Rimini, Bologna for a concert, Brescia for La Gioconda, Padua for Carmen, Bologna's Comunale welcomed him as Cavaradossi on the 30th of November, in a cast that included Tina Poli Randaccio and JosÚ Segura Tallien. To end the year, Pertile traveled to Barcelona for Aida (December with Nieto, Camozzi, Bonini, Masini Pieralli), Louise (December with Vix and Bonini).

On the 11th of January 1917, Pertile made his debut at Madrid in Aida with Cecilia Gagliardi, Fanny Anitua, Segura Tallien, and Masini Pieralli. During his stay in Madrid, Pertile sang in Tosca, Un Ballo in Maschera, Madama Butterfly (with Storchio), Carmen. In June, Pertile was back in Bologna singing in La Rondine (5th with Cannetti, Dal Monte, Dominici and Mugnoz). For the rest of the year, Pertile was in Genoa singing in Andrea Chenier, La Rondine, Aida and Un Ballo in Maschera.

In January 1918, Pertile was still in Genoa for Manon Lescaut, Loreley, La Bohème, Madama Butterfly and La Traviata. After a brief stop at the Teatro Chiarella to sing La Traviata and Fra Diavolo, Pertile spent the rest of the year in South America. On the 2nd of June, Pertile made his debut at Buenos Aires' Teatro Colòn in Carmen with Gabriella Besanzoni, Hina Spani, and Marcel Journet. During the Colón season, Pertile sang in Pagliacci (Vallin, Montesanto, Stabile), Aida (with Raisa, Besanzoni, Rimini, Gaudio), Tucuman (with Spani, Stabile, Urizar), Jacquerie (with Vallin, Besanzoni, Montesanto, Dentale), Un Ballo in Maschera (with Raisa, Rimini), and Manon Lescaut (Dalla Rizza, Montesanto). After that the company traveled to Brazil. The first stop was in Rio de Janeiro for Un Ballo in Maschera, Jacquerie, Carmen, and Aida. S. Paulo followed. There, Pertile sang in Aida, Tosca, Pagliacci, Carmen and Rigoletto.

In 1919, Pertile sang in Fedora (30th of January) at Turin, Manon Lescaut (13th of February) and Mefistofele (24th of February) at Piacenza, Francesca da Rimini (8th March) at Verona before returning to Buenos Aires in June. At the Coliseo in Buenos Aires, Pertile sang in Mefistofele (18th of June with Dalla Rizza, Carena and De Angelis), Madam Butterfly (24th) and Mosé (20th of July with Carena, Ottein, Stabile, De Angelis). From there, the company moved to Rosario, where Pertile sang in Mefistofele, and Mosé. Montevideo was the next of the tour. Pertile finished the year in Italy. At the Chiarella in Turin, he sang in Lohengrin (23rd of October), Carmen, and Andrea Chenier (29th of November with Viganò and Segura Tallien). On December 12th, Pertile made his debut at the Teatro Ponchielli of Cremona in Mefistofele. The year ended at Cremona with Carmen, again partnered by Zinetti.

In 1920, Pertile remained in Italy singing at Parma, Brescia, Verona, Ferrara, Vicenza, Ravenna, Cesena, Trieste (2nd of October), Bologna, Turin in Francesca Da Rimini, Mefistofele, Carmen, Manon Lescaut, Aida, Lohengrin, Un Ballo in Maschera and La Traviata.

In 1921, Pertile in Milan at the Carcano on 29th of January to sing in La Traviata. During the first 5 months of the year, Pertile sang in Italy at Bologna (Andrea Chenier), Firenze (Andrea Chenier, Aida), Catania (Fedora, 5th of March, Carmen), Venezia (Andrea Chenier, Il mistero (7th of May), Pagliacci). After some debate Pertile had accepted a contract to appear at the Metropolitan Opera. Before singing in New York, Pertile sailed to Mexico, where he made his debut on 23rd of August at Mexico City in Mefistofele. There, Pertile sang also in Aida and Sansone e Dalila (8th of October with Anitua and Ordonez). On the first of December, Pertile sang in Tosca at the MET with Jeritza and Scotti. Unfortunately for Pertile, it was also Jeritza's first Tosca at the Met, and the reviews were all hers. His season was ultimately a disappointment. Pertile finished the season at the MET singing in Manon Lescaut, Cavalleria Rusticana, Boris Godunov, Aida, Pagliacci and Louise. In between, there was a stop in Philadelphia in Louise.

After a Louise on January 17th 1922 in Brooklyn, Pertile left New York, never again to appear in the United States. In the mean time, Arturo Toscanini had engaged Pertile to sing at La Scala. On the 22nd of March, Pertile appeared for the first time with the dictator, singing in Mefistofele with Juanita Caracciolo, Iva Pacetti, and De Angelis. After performances of Boris Godunov (23rd of April with Vanni Marcoux) at Milan, Pertile sang Mefistofele in Genoa and Padua. A series of Lohengrin, in Turin, Verona, Trieste, Milano, followed while Pertile closed the year at the Scala by singing on the 26th of December in Manon Lescaut, with Caracciolo and Badini.

Pertile spent the first part of 1923 in Italy singing in Milan (Meistersinger (with Journet), Louise (with Heldy and Journet), Boris Godunov (with Zalewski), and Lucia di Lammermoor (with Dal Monte, Stracciari, Pinza). Then Pertile left again for South America. In Buenos Aires on the 20th of May, at the Colòn, he appeared in Aida with Muzio, Flora Perini, Carlo Galeffi and Mansueto Gaudio. In Buenos Aires, Pertile appeared in Un Ballo in Maschera (with Spani, Dragoni, Bertana, Urizar), Lucia di Lammermoor (Dal Monte, Segura Tallien), La Traviata (with Muzio and Galeffi), Manon Lescaut (with Muzio and Segura Tallien), Mefistofele (with Cirino), and La Leggenda di Sukuntala (5th of August with Dahmen, Cirino and Gaudio). After which the company traveled to Rosario, Rio de Janeiro, S. Paulo. On the 20th of November, Pertile returned to La Scala where he sang in Aida (with Rinolli, Besanzoni, Franci, and Pinza), La Traviata, Lucia di Lammermoor, Manon Lescaut and Iris (3oth of December with Viganò, Badini and Walter).

Pertile started 1924 by singing at La Scala in Lohengrin (18th of March), Die Meistersinger, before singing on the first of May in the World Premiere of Boito's Nerone with Raisa, Bertana, Galeffi, and Journet). In May, Pertile returned to Florence for Lucia di Lammermoor (27th) with Ada Sari, and Reali. During the summer, Pertile sang a series of Lucia di Lammermoor in Bergamo (26th of August), Cesena, Vicenza and Padua. After that run, Pertile turned again to Nerone, singing it twelve times both at Bologna's Comunale and La Scala. Pertile finished 1924 at Scala singing in Iris, Mefistofele and La Bohème.

1925 was spent in Italy: Milan (Andrea Chenier, Aida, Il Trovatore (30th of April with Raisa, Anitua, Franci and Autori), Lohengrin, Un Ballo in Maschera, Die Meistersinger, Madama Butterfly, Iris), Torino (Nerone), Firenze (La Bohème), Ferrara (Il Trovatore, Lucia di Lammermoor) and Bologna (Lucia di Lammermoor).

In 1926, Pertile sang in Italy for the first 3 months of the year (Milan, Turin), before sailing to South America. In Buenos Aires, Pertile opened the season on the 22nd of May in Nerone with Muzio, Bertana, Franci and Formichi. Arangi Lombardi replaced Muzio for some performances. Pertile's other operas were Iris (with Pampanini, Vanelli, Pasero), Il Trovatore (with Muzio, Anitua, Franci, Pasero), Pagliacci (with Pampanini, Ruffo), Gaito's Ollantay, Madama Butterfly and La Bohème with Isabel Marengo and Ruffo. Giuseppe de Luca sang Marcello in the last performance. In October Pertile appeared as Edgardo at Trieste and as Manrico at Bologna during November, before returning to La Scala where he sang in Lohengrin (17th of November, with Nieto, Casazza and Galeffi). On the 2nd of December, he sang in Andrea Chenier (with Cobelli and Franci) and on the 19th of December, he sang in Pagliacci (with Pampanini, Franci, Vanelli and Mascagni). After two performances of Iris (29th of December, with Pampanini, Paci and Walter), Pertile went to Turin.

In Turin, Pertile participated in revivals of Nerone (22nd of Janaury 1927) and Aida (23rd of February, with Eva Turner, Minghini-Cattaneo and Faticanti). The rest of 1927 was spent mostly in Italy (Milan, Padua, Como, Vicenza, and Trieste), except for four appearances in London. In June of 1927, Pertile made his debut at London's Covent Garden in Aida 3rd of June (with Stueckgold, Onegin, Schipper and Cotreuil). Il Trovatore followed on the 14th with Leider, Olczewska, Borgioli and Autori. On the 29th of December, Pertile sang in Wolf-Ferrari's Sly with Llopart, Rossi Morelli, and Badini under the direction of Panizza.

On the 18th of January 1928, Turin saw Pertile in Pagliacci and in February he returned to La Scala for Edgardo and the Duke of Mantua, after which he sang in Andrea Chenier at Genoa's Carlo Felice. Before returning to London, Pertile sang in Milan, and Naples. At La Scala, he sang in Tosca with Gilda Dalla Rizza and Stabile, Andrea Chenier with Bruna Rasa and Galeffi and La Traviata with Dalla Rizza and Victor Damiani. He was back in London. Pertile sang in Pagliacci (with Pampanini, Inghilleri and Baracchi), Aida (with Dusolina Giannini, Irene Minghini-Cattaneo, Armando Borgioli and Manfrini), and La Bohème (with Sheridan, Carosio, Inghillleri, Baracchi, and Manfrini). Eva Turner sang in later performances of Aida. In July, in the Piazza San Marco in Venice, Pertile sang in Pagliacci with Pampanini and Galeffi. It was preceded by Cavalleria Rusticana with Bruna Rasa and Antonio Melandri, with Mascagni conducting both operas. In October he sang in Tosca with Bruna Rasa and Giovanni Inghilleri at Forli. Pertile finished the year at La Scala with Sly, Tosca, Lucia di Lammermoor, and Meistersinger.

During 1929, Pertile was very busy singing in Milan, Nice, Genoa, Turin, Rome, Naples, Milan, Vienna (19th of May in Lucia di Lammermoor with Dal Monte, Franci and Righetti), Berlin (25th of May in Lucia di Lammermoor, Manon Lescaut and Aida), London, Buenos Aires, Pisa, Ferrara, Trieste, Bologna and Milano. During 1929, Pertile appeared more than 80 times on stage. Toscanini had left La Scala and Italy after the Manon Lescaut revival in May. Pertile stayed and remain a very important part of the new picture, but he would never again be its centerpiece, as he was when he was following Toscanini’s marching orders.

On the 12th of January 1930, Pertile sang in Francesca da Rimini with Dalla Rizza and Mariano Stabile at La Scala and then appeared as Manrico at Parma, with Spani, Bruna Castagna, Giulio Fregosi and Tomei. At Turin he sang in five performances of Andrea Chenier with Sheridan and Granforte and in Gianni Schicchi with Sheridan and Badini. At Genoa's Carlo Felice Pertile appeared as Lohengrin and Radames, and at the Rome Opera he sang in Un Ballo in Maschera with Arangi Lombardi, Pasini, Casazza and Montesanto. Later in March, the Romans heard Pertile in La Traviata with Muzio and Stabile. At Naples, Aureliano appeared in Andrea Chenier, Madama Butterfly, L'Ultimo Lord by Alfano and La Forza del Destino. In May Pertile returned to Ravenna for Andrea Chenier with Bruna Rasa and Franci. They joined in a benefit concert at the Alighieri on the 17th. After which, Pertile appeared at Florence’s Comunale in Lohengrin with Maria Laurenti, Stignani, Borgioli, Nava and Vaghi. During October, Pertile sang Edgardo at Budrio to the Lucia of Lina Pagliughi, Radames at Ferrara with Arangi Lombardi, Dal Monte, Borgioli and Righetti. At year's end, Pertile sang in Rome in Manon Lescaut with Pampanini.

In 1931 Rome saw Pertile in Un Ballo in Maschera, Aida and Andrea Chenier, after which he sang Riccardo at Genoa. In March Pertile returned to Rome for Adriana Lecouvreur (24th with Cobelli, Gianna Pederzini, and Damiani). After Lucia di Lammermoor and Un Ballo in Maschera in Naples, Pertile appeared at La Scala in Marta. In June he returned to London to sing in La Forza del Destino with Ponselle, Pederzini, Franci, Pasero and in Tosca with Pacetti and Stabile. The summer kept him busy with Radames at Udine, and Trieste. He returned to the Donizetti of Bergamo in September for Adriana, this time with Florica Cristoforeanu, Toini and Vanelli. In October, he sang in La Bohème with Mafalda Favero, Vanelli, Baracchi and Lauri at Bologna. On the 26th of December Pertile sang Pollione for the first time in a Scala production, one that also starred Scacciati, Stignani and De Angelis.

During 1932, Pertile remained in Italy singing his repertoire in Milan, Turin, Genoa, Naples, Verona, Bergamo, Ferrara and Bologna.

In 1933 Pertile stayed mainly in Italy singing in Turin, Milan, Trieste, Rome, Genoa, Verona, Ancona (4th of October in Un Ballo in Maschera with Rasa, Velentino), Cento (31st of October in a concert), and Parma. He ventured outside Italy to Barcelona on the 13th of November to sing Aida with Jacobo, Rossini and Morelli.

In 1934 Pertile started reducing his appearances. He sang at La Scala for the only six times in his career as Fernando in La Favorita (18th of January with Stignani, Danise and Pasero). One can wonder what happened to the high of the role since Pertile had no high C. For the rest of the year, Pertile sang at Rome, Palermo, Florence, Rimini and Modena. He sang in Fra Diavolo, Aida, Lohengrin, Un Ballo in Maschera, La Forza del Destino and Andrea Chenier. 

In 1935 Pertile sang in another world premiere of Nerone of Mascagni. On the 16th of January, Mascagni's Nerone was presented for the first time with a cast including Rasa, Carosio, Parmeggiani, Granforte and Pasero. Pertile sang during Nerone during the year at Livorno, and Bologna. Besides that, Pertile sang in Pagliacci (Milan), Fedora (Milan), Aida (Vienna, Modena) and Un Ballo in Maschera (Modena). 

1936 found the tenor at Trieste for Francesca da Rimini, Bari for Aida, Andrea Chenier at Parma & Naples, Mefistofele at La Scala, Il Trovatore at Turin, and Nerone at Genoa, Naples and Rome.

In 1937 Pertile curtailed even more his appearances. He sang in Aida at Rome, Un Ballo in Maschera at Venice, La Campana Sommersa at Naples and additional performances of Nerone at La Scala and Zürich. Pertile had another major assumption to add to his repertory. At Malta in late 1937, Pertile sang Otello with Scacciati and Guicciardi. Until 1945, Pertile would sing Otello at Brescia, Parma, Padua, Turin, Trento, Lecce, Vicenza, Ravenna, Bergamo, San Remo, Cairo, Alexandria, Budapest, Milano, Firenze, Mantua, Reggio Emilia, Alessandria, Trieste, Treviso, Bologna, Udine, Venice and Rome (Radio).

In 1938, Pertile sang Otello 22 times. During the rest of the year Pertile sang in twice in Aida.

In 1939, Pertile sang Otello at least five times. The rest of the year, Pertile sang in Il Trovatore (twice), Andrea Chenier (4), Pagliacci (1) and Poliuto for the Radio.

In 1940, Pertile sang Otello at least six times. The rest of the year, he sang in Un Ballo in Maschera (3), Andrea Chenier (2), Pagliacci (1) and Un Ballo in Maschera (1). He even made guest appearances in Budapest.

In 1941 Pertile sang Otello (11), Il Trovatore (2) and Un Ballo in Maschera (3).

In 1942 Pertile sang Otello (6), Fedora (2), Un Ballo in Maschera (2), Andrea Chenier (3) and Nerone (twice for the radio).

In 1943 Pertile sang Otello (9) and Un Ballo in Maschera (6).

In 1944 Pertile sang Otello (4) and Un Ballo in Maschera (9).

In 1945 Pertile sang Otello (2), Nerone (3) and La Traviata (2). In his final year before the public, Pertile sang Pagliacci in Naples and Salerno. Pertile died in 1952 at the age of sixty-six.

I would like to thank Imogene Norcroft for the recording (Carmen).
I would like to thank Thomas Silverboerg for the recording (Otello).
Reference:la voce e l'arte di Aureliano Pertile, Edizioni TIMAClub.
Reference: Pertile, Aureliano : Bruno Tosi-"Pertile: Una voce, un mito" C.G.S. Edizioni Venezia (Italia), 1985

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