Carlos Maria Guichandut


Picture of Guichandut with Giuseppe Taddei in Otello
With Giuseppe Taddei

Picture of Guichandut

Carlos Guichandut sings Cavalleria Rusticana: Brindisi
in ra format

Biographical Notes

Guichandut was born in Buenos Aires (Argentina) on November 4th, 1914, and studied with Mº Bonta. Guichandut made his debut at the Anfiteatro de la Rural, during the summer season of the Teatro Colón de Buenos Aires in the opera "La novia del hereje" by Pascual de Rogatis. In those years, Guichandut was selected by the famous mezzo soprano Gabriela Besanzoni for several seasons in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), where Guichandut was able to perform the most important role for baritone.
At his return to Buenos Aires between 1941 and 1943, Guichandut sang with the Zarzuela's Company headed by the Spanish soprano Fidela Campiña (who became his wife ), at the Teatro Avenida and Teatro San Martin in Buenos Aires, and a large tour through South America.
In 1944, Guichandut sang at the Teatro Marconi of Buenos Aires Rigoletto, Marcelo (Bohème), Germont (La Traviata), Figaro (Barbiere di Siviglia), Tonio and Silvio in different performances of Pagliaccci, Conte di Luna from Il Trovatore and Enrico from Lucia di Lammermoor.
Guichandut made his debut at the Teatro Colón on May 25th 1945, engaged by Mº Hector Panizza, in Rigoletto and his partners were Hilde Reggiani and Bruno Landi. Others roles in the same season were: Lucas (from "Aurora" by Paniza), Chaklovitzky form Kovanchina, Figaro (Barbiere), Germont and Tonio ( Pagliacci). In 1945, Guichandut also made his debut at the Liceo de Barcelona, where he sang Tonio, Figaro, Renato ( Ballo in Maschera), Rigoletto and Tosca.
Other appearances include:
1946 Teatro Colón: Tosca and Rigoletto
1947 Teatro Colón: Figaro, Rigoletto, Gerard (from Andrea Chenier), with Maria Caniglia and Beniamino Gigli and La Forza del Destino with Beniamino Gigli. The great tenor introduced him in Italy where Guichandut sang Bizet's The pearls's fishers with Giuseppe Di Stefano .
In 1948 at Teatro Colón, Guichandut appeared in: La Traviata with Gigli and Delia Rigal, Il Trovatore with Gigli as Manrico, Maria Caniglia and Fedora Barbieri, Mº Panizza conducting, and Borodin's Prince Igor. During that year, Guichandut made his Scala debut with Un Ballo in Maschera, His partners were E. Barbatto and Gianni Poggi
In 1949 at Teatro Colón, Guichandut sang La Forza del Destino with Mario del Monaco and Delia Rigal, La Traviata and Gounod's Faust.
In 1950 at the Teatro Colón, Guichandut appeared in: La Traviata, Otello, (as Jago, in Mario Del Monaco' debut in the title role ) and again La Forza with the same cast of the previous year. This year, Guichandut moved to Europe where he established himself with his wife.
Between 1951 and 1952 due to his easy high notes and his strong voice, Guichandut decided to change his vocal range, and with Fidela Campiña's help (his wife) Guichandut became a dramatic tenor. Hi first role as a tenor was at the Teatro Petuzzelli in Bari as Siegmund from Wagner's Walkiria.
In 1953, Guichandut sang with Maria Callas her first Medea at the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino with Mº Gui conducting. In 1955, Guichandut returned to the Teatro Colón where he sang Otello but this time the Moro's part, with Giusseppe Taddei as Jago. In 1955 at the same theater, Guichandut sang Andrea Chenier and Turiddu.
In 1956 at La Scala, Guichandut appeared in Carmen. In 1957, Guichandut sang at the Paris Opéra, in Otello with Régine Crespin, Radames at Covent Garden and Otello with von Karajan at the Wiener Staatsoper for a total run of 22 Otello up to 1963.
In 1966 after a successful career in Europe, and 297 Verdi's Otello performances and many others roles singing alongside great opera stars and conductors like Renata Tebaldi, Birgit Nilsson ( in Turandot), Leonie Rysanek, Leonthine Price, Anna Moffo, Georg Solti, Tulio Serafin, among many others, Guichandut returned to live in Buenos Aires and dedicated himself to being a singing instructor still having perfect vocal powers.
Among his pupils was Luis Lima, the great Argentinean international tenor. His last performance was at the Teatro Colón in 1974 in Bisanzio by Panizza. After his wife's death in 1983, Guichandut frequently fell into depression and died in Buenos Aires on September 27th 1990.
Carlos Guichandut was one of the few opera singers, who after changing his vocal range from baritone to tenor could sing roles of both registers of the same opera, for example:
Pagliacci: Tonio- Silvio - Canio
Andrea Chenier: Andrea - Gerard
Aida: Amonasro - Radames
Otello: Jago - Otello
Cavalleria Rusticana: Alfio - Turiddu

Comments by Esteban C. Guichandut
I am the nephew of Carlos Maria Guichandut. Regarding his biography, I would to add the following to it. In 1989 Guichandut was awarded a diploma by the Konex Foundation in Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was the diploma of merit in the discipline "Masculine Singer" in the field of Classical Music. He continued to teach young singers in the Teatro Colon of Buenos Aires, at the Superior Institute of Art. Also during the first visit of Luciano Pavarotti to Buenos Aires, while Luciano was walking through the hallways of the Teatro Colon, Carlos Guichandut showed up. Luciano Pavarotti recognized him and shout "Esultate" the opening of "Otello". He personally greeted Carlos and told him that he was once in the choir of "Otello" when Carlos performed and thought that he was one the best "Otellos" he had ever seen.

Discography

There are few commercial recordings of Carlo Guichandut. In Italy, Guichandut recorded as a baritone a few operatic arias:
Thomas: Hamlet, Brindisi
Verdi: Un ballo in maschera: Eri tu
Verdi: Otello: Credo
Verdi: La Traviata. Di Provenza

As Tenor, Guichandut recorded Verdi's Otello complete with Brogini / Taddei / Cleva for Cetra Records. There is the Callas's Medea from the Maggio Musicale recorded live. However there are some historical recordings from the Teatro Colón, unfortunately not commercialized, as follows:
Complete Otello by Verdi in 1950, with the first Mario del Monaco in the title role, Guichandut as Jago, and Delia Rigal as Desdemona. A Complete Bisanzio by Panizza recorded in 1974. There are highlights from: Andrea Chenier (as Chenier) / Cavalleria as Turiddu / Forza with Gigli and the same opera with del Monaco/Traviata as Germont with Delia Rigal and Rafael Lagares.


Picture of Carlos Guichandut
With Taddei, Curtis Verna and Belleza in Otello
I wish to thank Daniele Godor for the Picture with Taddei in Otello.
I wish to thank Roberto Falcone for providing all that information, the Recording and the Picture with Taddei, Curtis Verna and Belleza in Otello.

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