Giuseppe Oxilia

Montevideo 1861 - Montevideo 1919

Picture of Giuseppe Oxilia
Picture of Giuseppe Oxilia

José Nicolás Oxilia was born in Montevideo (Uruguay) on 3 June 1861 from Italian parents. In 1881, he went to Italy to study singing with Felice Pozzo. In 1884, he is engaged as "tenore comprimario" for the opera company of Marino Mancinelli. He made his debut on 21 november 1884 as Laerzio in "Hamlet" by Thomas, at Teatro del Liceo in Barcelona with Giuseppe Kaschmann and Victor Maurel alternating in the main role. On December 11, he sang Arturo in "Lucia di Lammermoor" with Sembrich and Gayarre and then the role of Rambaldo in "Roberto Il Diavolo" by Meyerbeer. When Gayarre fell ill, Oxilia sang Fernando in "La Favorita" at the Liceo, in January 1885.

Back in Italy, he made his debut at Teatro La Fenice in Venice, again as Fernando and then as the Duke in "Rigoletto", in July and August 1886 . From October 1886 to March 1887, he sang at Teatro Real in Madrid, Enzo in "La Gioconda", Radames in "Aida", Fausto in "Mefistofele", and Rodolfo in "Luisa Miller". Back in Italy, he sang in Padova "Gli Ugonotti" and "Don Carlo", "Mefistofele " in Naples and "Fausto" in Turin. In August 1887, he sang for the first time the main part in "Otello" at the Teatro Grande in Brescia, with Adalgisa Gabbi and Paul Lherie conducted by Franco Faccio. With the same cast, he sang Otello at the Teatro Regio in Parma. In 1888, he took part in the premiere of "Asrael" by Franchetti and "Otello" with Victor Maurel.

He made his debut at La Scala in december 1888 with "Asrael" (17 performances) and in February next year, "Otello" (13 performances) again with Maurel. In 1889, he sang "Lohengrin" at the Carlo Felice in Genoa and in May 1890 returned to Montevideo, making his debut at the Teatro Solís with "La Favorita". Later he sang there "Mefistofele", "Lucrezia Borgia" and "Otello". The same year, in August, he sang in Montevideo but at the Teatro Nuevo Politeama : "Lucia di Lammermoor", "La Favorita" , "Lucrezia Borgia", "La Gioconda", "La Traviata", "Gli Ugonotti", "Fausto" and "Carmen". In November, he sang "Otello" in the first performance ever at the Teatro Argentino de La Plata.

Back in Italy, in January and February 1891, Oxilia sang five performances of "Cavalleria Rusticana" at La Fenice in Venice.

His voice, not yet 30 years old, in 1891 showed deterioration and that year he could not sing in Italy. In Rio de Janeiro his "Otello" was a total failure. He started singing opera and zarzuela in minor theaters in Argentina and Uruguay. He returned to Italy, singing "Lucrezia Borgia" at the Teatro Coccia in Novara, in 1897, "Mefistofele" at the Teatro Piccini in Bari, in 1898 ; and "Lucia", "Traviata" and "La Forza del Destino" at the Teatro Carcamo in Milan, in 1903. But his days of glory were over.

He retired around 1904 in total poverty. He opened a School of Singing in Milan. Among his pupils were the tenors Italo Cristalli and Walter Kirchoff. He married in 1910 and had five children. In 1916, suffering from diabetes and because of a wound in the finger of a hand, not properly cared for, degenerating in gangrene, he lost his left arm. Bitterness and poverty during the years of the First World War forced the tenor to sell his most precious belongings, gold medals and crowns that he had received durings his days of glory.

Early in July 1918, Oxilia and his family left Milan for ever. Thirty days later, they arrived to Montevideo. This is the worst period in the life of the tenor. He intended to commit suicide throwing himself into a well, but he was miracously saved. Some time later, and because of his diabetes, he suffered now the amputation of his left leg and his life was now unbearable.

In the most terrible misery and almost totally forgotten, Giuseppe Oxilia died in Montevideo on 18 May 1919, few days before his 58 birthday.
Juan Dzazopulos Elgueta.

ИНФОРМАЦИЯ УКРАДЕНА АРАКЕЛЯНОМ
Giuseppe Oxilia sings Otello: Ora e per sempre addio
In RA Format

Giuseppe Oxilia sings L'Africana: O Paradiso
In RA Format

Giuseppe Oxilia sings Otello: Nium mi tema
In RA Format

Giuseppe Oxilia sings Un Ballo in Maschera: E scherzo
In RA Format

Chronology

ANNO

CITTA

TEATRO

TITOLO

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

AMLETO

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

CONCERTO

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

FAUST

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

GIOCONDA

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

I CAPULETI E I MONTECCHI

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

LINDA DI CHAMONIX

1885

MADRID

REALE/0011

ROBERTO IL DIAVOLO

1886

MADRID

REALE/0010

AIDA

1886

MADRID

REALE/0010

GIOCONDA

1886

MADRID

REALE/0010

LINDA DI CHAMONIX

1886

MADRID

REALE/0010

LUISA MILLER

1886

MADRID

REALE/0010

MEFISTOFELE

1886

VENEZIA

FENICE/0008

FAVORITA

1886

VENEZIA

FENICE/0008

RIGOLETTO

1888

BOLOGNA

COMUNALE/

ASRAEL di A.Franchetti

1888

BOLOGNA

COMUNALE/

OTELLO

1889

MILANO

SCALA/

ASRAEL di A.Franchetti

1889

MILANO

SCALA/

OTELLO

1890

GENOVA

CARLO FELICE/

LOHENGRIN

1890

LA PLATA

POLITEAMA ARGENTINO/0011

CARMEN

1890

LA PLATA

POLITEAMA ARGENTINO/0011

OTELLO

1891

RIO DE JANEIRO

LIRICO/0007

LUCREZIA BORGIA

1891

RIO DE JANEIRO

LIRICO/0008

LUCREZIA BORGIA

1891

VENEZIA

FENICE/

ASRAEL di A.Franchetti

1891

VENEZIA

FENICE/0002

CAVALLERIA RUSTICANA

1892

BUENOS AYRES

DE LA ZARZUELA/0007

FAVORITA

1894

ASTI

ALFIERI/0012

CONCERTO

1894

ASTI

POLITEAMA/0011

AFRICANA

1894

ASTI

POLITEAMA/0011

LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR

1894

GENOVA

CARLO FELICE

LUCREZIA BORGIA

1897

NOVARA

COCCIA/0001

LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR

1898

BARI

PICCINNI/0001

MEFISTOFELE

1898

BARI

PICCINNI/0001

POLIUTO

1901

MONZA

SOCIALE/0010

AFRICANA

1902

MILANO

CARCANO/0012

TROVATORE

1903

MILANO

CARCANO/0001

LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR

1903

MILANO

CARCANO/0001

TRAVIATA

1903

MILANO

VERDI/0003

LUCIA DI LAMMERMOOR


Repertory

Hamlet-Barcelona, Liceo, 21 November 1884
Lucia di Lammermoor (Arturo)-Barcelona, Liceo, 11 December 1884
La Favorita-Barcelona, Liceo, 1 January 1885
Robert le Diable (Rambaldo)-Barcelona, 10 February 1885
I Capuleti e i Montecchi (Tebaldo)-Barcelona, Liceo, 6 May 1885
Les Huguenots (Cossé)-Barcelona, Liceo, 21 May 1885
Linda di Chamounix-Madrid, Real, December 1885
La Gioconda-Madrid, Real, 11 March 1886
Don Carlo-Padua, June 1886
Rigoletto-Venezia, La Fenice, 3 August 1886
Mefistofele-Madrid, Real, 16 November 1886
Luisa Miller- Madrid, Real, 24 February 1887
Faust-London, Her's Majesty, 7 June 1887
Otello-Brescia, Grande, 10 August, 1887
Salamnbo (Composer Masso)-Torino, Carignano, 8? October 1887
La Traviata-Napoli, San Carlo, 9 February 1888
Asrael-Bologna, Comunale, 17 March 1888
Lohengrin-Genova, Carlo Felice, 26 December 1899
Lucrezia Borgia-Montevideo, Solis, 21 June 1890
Lucia di Lammermoor (Edgardo)-Rosario, Olimpo, 17 July 1890
Les Huguenots (Raoul)-Montevideo, Nuevo Politeama, 21 August 1890
Carmen-Montevideo, Nuevo Politeama, 30 August 1890
Cavalleria Rusticana-Venezia, Fenice, 31 January 1891
L'Africaine-Asti, Politeama, ? ? 1894
Poliuto-Bari, Piccinni, ? ? 1898
Il Trovatore-Milan, Carcano, 2 February 1903
La Forza del Destino-Milan Carcano, 2 February 1903

Discography

Picture of FonoOxilia

Picture of Traviata Label

Picture of Ballo Label

Black G&T, 1901/11
52246   Pagliacci: Un grande spettacolo                 Matrix 3369a  (7")
52248   Pagliacci: Un grande spettacolo                 Matrix ?a     (7")
52254   Un Ballo in Maschera: E scherzo                 Matrix 3357a  (7")
52274   La Traviata: Libiam, libiamo                    Matrix 4396a  (7")
52275   La Traviata: Parigi o cara                      Matrix 4397a  (7")
52280   Faust: Prologo                                  Matrix Con35R (7")
52309   Guarany: Sento una forza indomita               Matrix 395B
52317   Aida: Morir, si pur e bella                     Matrix 403b
52321   Lucia di Lammermoor: Fra poco a me              Matrix 404b
52321X  Lucia di Lammermoor: Fra poco a me              Matrix 392b
52324   La Gioconda: Cielo e mar                        Matrix 393b
52330   Otello: Nium mi tema                            Matrix 1628b
        Zonophone X-92096
52331   Pagliacci: Vesti la giubba                      Matrix 1629b
52332   Rigoletto: La donna è  mobile                   Matrix 1630b
        Zonophone X-92105
52333   Rigoletto: Questa o quella                      Matrix 1631b
52334   La Favorita: Una vergine                        Matrix 1632b
        Zonophone X-92083
52335   Andrea Chenier: Un di all'azzurro spazio        Matrix 1635B
52356   Luisa Miller: Quando le sere                    Matrix 1771b
52356X  Luisa Miller: Quando le sere                    Matrix 2832b
52357   Mefitofele: Dai campi                           Matrix 1774b
52338   Lucia di Lammermoor: Fra poco a me              Matrix 1779b
52360   La Traviata: Dei miei bollenti spiriti          Matrix 1634b
52360X  La Traviata: Dei miei bollenti spiriti          Matrix 2834b
52361   L'Africana: O paradiso                          Matrix 1633b
52445   Mefistofele: Giunto sul passo                   Matrix 2833b

Pathé cylinders
        L'Africana: O Paradiso 
        was on an auction list around 1991, was purchased by a collector who left the cylinder in Bermuda.  
        It is full of mildew now according to the collector who cannot locate it anymore.

Edison 2-min cylinders, 1903?
       Gran romanza                                     12599
       Alma mia                                         12602
       Brindis                                          12605
       No es verdad                                     12609?? (12609 is Deley!!)

FonoOxilia
       Otello: Ora e per sempre addio
I wish to thank Richard J Venezia for the recording (Africana).
I wish to thank Roberto Marcocci for the chronology.


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